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netcat + tar (fast but less secure)

To send a directory, cd to inside the directory whose contents you want to send on the computer doing the sending and do:

$ tar -cz . | nc -q 10 -l -p 45454

On the computer receiving the contents, cd to where you want the contents to appear and do:

$ nc -w 10 $REMOTE_HOST 45454 | tar -xz

Replace $REMOTE_HOST with ip / hostname of computer doing the sending. You can also use a different port instead of 45454.

Copying Files with SCP


$ scp <file> <username>@<IP address or hostname>:<Destination>
$ scp -r (recursive) username@server:(remote location) (local location)
$ scp -r (local location) username@server:(remote location)

Using sshfs

on client, install

sudo apt-get install sshfs
Mounting the Remote File System

format: sshfs -o transform_symlinks -ofollow_symlinks user@hostname: [dir]mountpoint. e.g. :

sshfs –o cache=yes,allow_other user@ home/user/code

for detail, ref man sshfs

sudo umount mountpoint

is your want many user to visit your shared folder, you may use NFS. Ref this for detail.


samba server

samba is very convenient tool for sharing files between win-Linux, just like NFS.

How to set up

refer this tutorial


sudo apt update
sudo apt install samba

mkdir /home/<username>/sambashare/

sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

add follow in smb.conf

[sambashare]   # the name show on remote
    comment = Samba on Ubuntu
    path = /home/username/sambashare
    read only = no
    browsable = yes

restart samba

sudo service smbd restart

add user to samba and set passward, Username used must belong to a system account, else it won’t save.

sudo smbpasswd -a username

On Windows, open up File Manager and edit the file path to: